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Migrant workers are engaged in various occupations. There exist several social security and welfare schemes for workers including migrant workers engaged in such occupations.

 Some of the prominent schemes are as follows:

However, during Covid–19 pandemic period since March, 2020, 

Union Government has taken several additional measures for the benefits of workers, such as; 

  • creation of 39.51 lakh new job opportunities by crediting Rs.2583 crores in EPF accounts under Atmanirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana (ABRY), 
  • benefits of Rs.2567 crores to retain 38.91 lakh low wage employees under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY), 
  • financial assistance of Rs.7413 crore to Building & other Construction Workers (BOCW), 
  • unemployment benefit under Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana (ABVKY), 
  • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyan (PMGKRA) generating 50.78 crore mandays with Rs.39,293 crores, 
  • working capital loan to street vendors under PM-SVA Nidhi Scheme, 
  • free food grain of 5 kg per person per month to all Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) beneficiaries and 
  • special training programme under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) Scheme as a part of Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan (GKRA) in the districts having high concentration of returnee migrants. 
  • In addition, the Government launched an initiative called SWADES (Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support) to conduct a skill mapping exercise of the returnee migrant workers from abroad under the Vande Bharat Mission. 
  • For facilitating employment opportunities, details of SWADES have been integrated with Skill India’s ASEEM Portal.



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