Law Suit Test Checkmates Dol’s Authority Regarding Overtime Rule
Karma Global Possesses a Panel of International Experts Be It
(1) Strategy Consultant
(2) Management Consultant
(3) Operations Consultant
(4) Financial Advisory Consultant
(5) Human Resource Consultant
Karma Management has now become Karma Global which was incorporated in the year 2004, having now completed almost 19 years of its existence.
As late as April 2021, Karma Global took a very bold step of venturing into foreign shores in terms of shoving up its business prospects in countries like US, UK, UAE, Canada, Philippines and South East Asia.
It has already made its mark in terms of providing excellent services in the areas of payroll, outsourcing, recruitment and talent acquisition, facility management services and regulatory compliances including immigration, negotiations and employment contracts in these foreign countries as well.
The major services provided by Karma Global include Regulatory Audit, Management Consulting, Strategy Consulting, Financial & Tech Advisory, Risk Advisory, and Legal.
It follows a strict culture of work and ethics with highly motivated and zealous employees. The company values traits like loyalty, integrity, and dynamism.
Karma Global thus entails the compliances of international clients in keeping with the global scenario, thereby undertaking a noteworthy mission of guiding clients through spider’s web of legislation so that clients are able to stay on the right side of the ever changing laws especially so, it keeps an update on what is happening around the world as far as people, wages, work, benefits, employment contracts, negotiation and unions are concerned.
Karma Global’s decades of experience in making sure that clients are compliant with all types of changing legislation, offers unique support to mitigate risk and grasp technological solutions with combination of expertise.
Disruptive technologies, as well as new market competitors will continue to challenge the long-term economic hegemony of Agencies, Institutions and Governance and will need the assistance of tech enabled consultants like Karma Global. In order to avoid becoming bystanders in the race for digitization, companies of all sizes are engaging consulting firms in order to assist them with technological and business transformations. Meanwhile, a sustained period of geo-political uncertainty arising from the unknown areas, Global clients are keen to re-examine their international operations, in order to plan for worst case scenarios relating to new crises that may arise from such unpredictable variables. Therefore, this is the right time to look up to Karma Global for any and all international operations in the fields mentioned above.
Law Suit Test Checkmates Dol’s Authority Regarding Overtime Rule
What the overtime act says ……!
The federal overtime provisions are contained in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA).
Unless exempt, employees covered by the Act must receive overtime pay for hours worked over 40 in a workweek at a rate not less than time and one-half their regular rates of pay. There is no limit in the Act on the number of hours employees aged 16 and older may work in any workweek. The FLSA does not require overtime pay for work on Saturdays, Sundays, holidays, or regular days of rest, unless overtime is worked on such days.
The Act applies on a workweek basis. An employee’s workweek is a fixed and regularly recurring period of 168 hours — seven consecutive 24-hour periods.
It need not coincide with the calendar week, but may begin on any day and at any hour of the day.
Different workweeks may be established for different employees or groups of employees.
Averaging of hours over two or more weeks is not permitted.
Normally, overtime pay earned in a particular workweek must be paid on the regular pay day for the pay period in which the wages were earned.
The Biden administration is defending a Trump-era overtime rule in federal court in an attempt to quash a lawsuit that threatens to undermine its plans to issue another regulation to expand overtime protections to more workers.
Although Democrats say that Trump-era update doesn’t go far enough to protect workers, in recent filings in the US District Court for the Western District of Texas, attorneys representing the Biden Department of Labor have requested a quick decision to uphold the rule.
For workers who are nonexempt, employers must pay 1.5 times the hourly rate for any hours worked above 40 hours in a week.
Employees are exempt from overtime if they earn at least $35,568 per year on a salary basis (or at least $684 per week) and perform executive, administrative or professional work. T
The DOL is expected to release proposed changes to the overtime rule in May.
In August 2022, Robert Mayfield of Austin, Texas, sued the DOL, claiming it overstepped its authority when it raised the salary requirements for overtime exemptions to their current levels in 2019. Mayfield owns R.U.M. Enterprises, which has 350 workers and operates 13 Dairy Queen franchises, as well as Wally’s Burger Express, in the Austin area.
The lawsuit argues the DOL didn’t have the legal authority under the U.S. Constitution to set a minimum salary level for exempt employees.
The DOL’s “rigid salary level requirements impede R.U.M. from implementing its preferred compensation structure and therein reduces both company profits and management bonuses,” the lawsuit said.
“R.U.M. was required to either pay higher starting salaries to all managers earning less than $684 per week or to convert them to a nonexempt status.”
Mayfield said he’s “worried about the federal government trying to run my business, instead of me. What I want is the freedom to run my own business. Sometimes we might like to promote somebody to management at $30,000, instead of $36,000.”
However, the DOL said Congress gave it the power to use a salary requirement in defining who works in an executive, administrative or professional capacity and is therefore—if they satisfy the duties tests—not entitled to overtime pay. “The 2019 rule also comfortably withstands scrutiny on its own terms” because the salary test is lawful according to legal precedent, the DOL argued in its request for summary judgment filed with the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas on Feb. 10.
The DOL said the salary test “prevents the misclassification by employers of obviously nonexempt employees.” It noted that salary level “is a helpful indicator of the capacity in which an employee is employed, especially among lower-paid employees.”
Part of the reason the department has periodically raised the salary threshold is general wage inflation across the U.S. over time, Myers said.
The district court hasn’t issued a decision yet on the request for summary judgment.
Requirements for a White-Collar Exemption
To qualify for a white-collar exemption, an employee must satisfy a job duties test, be paid at or above the minimum salary and be paid on a salary basis. There are separate duties tests for different white-collar exemptions:
Executive exemption: The employee’s primary duty must be managing the business or a department or subdivision. The employee must regularly direct the work of at least two employees and have the authority to hire or fire workers—or the employee’s recommendations for hiring and firing must be given particular weight.
Administrative exemption: The employee’s primary duty must be performing office or non manual work that is directly related to the employer’s business operations or customers. The employee’s primary duty must include exercising discretion and independent judgment with respect to matters of significance.
Professional exemption: The employee’s primary duty must be performing work requiring advanced knowledge in a field of science or learning that is customarily acquired by prolonged, specialized, intellectual instruction.
On Feb. 22, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 6-3 in Helix Energy Solutions Group v. Hewitt that highly compensated employees can be eligible for overtime pay if they are paid on a daily or hourly basis.
Justice Brett Kavanaugh dissented, saying the FLSA “focuses on whether the employee performs executive duties, not how much an employee is paid or how an employee is paid.
Based on that dissent, “I think if [the Mayfield case] is presented to the Supreme Court, they’re going to want to pick it up,” Myers said.
Way forward for Employers
For now, Myers recommended that employers continue to comply with the salary test. “We’ve had a salary test and a duties test for so long that if employers are already in compliance, they should maintain that compliance,” she said. “I don’t think they should put all their eggs in this basket and assume the salary test will be gone.”
Under the FLSA, employers that willfully and repeatedly misclassify workers as exempt may face up to $1,000 in civil penalties for each violation and may be criminally prosecuted for willful violations of the law.
Employers may also have to pay all unpaid overtime owed to the affected employee(s) going back three years prior to the date of the claim, as well as liquidated damages.
“When considering exempt or nonexempt classification decisions, employers should equally consider the duties and salary tests. The DOL does not overlook the duties requirement simply because the salary threshold has been met or even far exceeded,” said Jeffrey Ruzal, an attorney with Epstein Becker Green in New York City.
Coleman explained that with overtime classifications, “the two most common employer errors usually relate to either not having an accurate picture of actual job duties, or allowing for improper deductions from salary, such that the salary basis requirements are not satisfied. Either can lead to invalidation of the exempt classification.”
In the end, even if the federal rule changes, “many states would still have some form of the salary tests, and employers would still have to comply with those,” said Patrick Dalin, an attorney with Fisher Phillips in Philadelphia.
Conclusion and Next Steps
An ongoing lawsuit in federal district court is challenging whether the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) can apply a salary requirement for workers who are exempt from overtime. The DOL defended its use of the salary test in recent court filings.
The lawsuit “seeks to invalidate the minimum salary threshold requirement of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) white-collar exemption regulations,” said James Coleman, an attorney with Constangy, Brooks, Smith & Prophete in Fairfax, Va. “While there would no doubt be appeals, and likely requests to stay any ruling pending appellate review, the implications for employers are enormous. If the court were to invalidate the minimum salary requirement, it would mean that exempt status under the FLSA white-collar exemptions could be determined without regard to how and at what level the employee is paid.”
The case could be “far-reaching in its impact,” said Angella Myers, an attorney with Kaufman Dolowich Voluck in Dallas. “It will be a hotly contested issue.”
Now that the case has been fully briefed, District Judge Robert Pitman will have to decide on both the DOL and Mayfield’s requests for summary judgment, or to move the case forward to trial. The Biden DOL plans to propose a regulation to further adjust the rules dictating when workers are owed overtime pay in May, according to the latest regulatory agenda.
Karma Global while dealing with all such issues and cases, always takes the approach to act trust-worthily and to be compliant with the laws of the land.
Karma Global encourages employees to promptly raise concerns about safety, quality, potential violations of the law, or on its various policies .
Karma Global also works to foster an environment in which employees feel safe seeking guidance, raising concerns, and identifying areas for improvement.
Karma Global also believes and appreciates that speaking up may not always be easy, and the company offers several options for raising concerns confidentially, including through managers, toll-free phone numbers, and web-based portals.
Karma Global has a policy of code of ethics in place and the HR Head is also designated as the Site Compliance and Ethics Officers to provide in-person and online support to employees who are looking for guidance or need to report a concern, and can provide additional compliance and ethics resources. Any retaliation against employees who raise a concern is not tolerated and is grounds for discipline, up to and including termination.
Our deep, country-by-country knowledge, expressed through a 250 -strong network of local offices, makes light work of the most intricate local and global reporting obligations.
Proprietary blog of Karma Global Tech Management LLC
This blog has been collated and compiled by the internal staff of Karma Global with the knowledge and expertise that they possess, besides adaptation, illustration, derivation, transformation, collection and auto generation for its monthly newsletter Issue 11 of May 2023 and in case of specific or general information or compliance updates for that matter, kindly reach out to the
Marketing Team – Kush@karmamgmt.com / email@example.com